A representative from the British Red Cross visited school to give a very interesting talk to Year 10 Agriculture students regarding basic first aid knowledge. After an introduction the students were encouraged to take part in a practical session. Would you know how to deal with an emergency? A simple way of remembering is ‘DR ABC’
D DANGER. Assess the situation: are there any dangers to yourself or the injured person?
R RESPONSE. Assess the person for responsiveness: do they respond to your voice and being gently shaken? If there is no response:
A AIRWAY. Open the airway; place one hand on the forehead, tilt the head back and lif the chin.
B BREATHING. Check breathing. Look, listen and feel for breathing. Look for chest movement, listen for sounds of breathing and feel for berath on your cheeck. Do this for no more than ten seconds. If the person is breathing normally, assess for life-threatening injuries and then place in the recovery position and maintain an open airway. Call an ambulance.
C COMPRESSIONS. If they are NOT breathing normally, send a helper to call an ambulance and start cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR), cycles of 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths. (If you are unwilling or unable to give rescue breaths, you can give chest compressions alone)